In the beginning, Genesis and Enuma Elish are virtually identical in meaning. Although Genesis was written 1,000 years after the original Mesopotamian creation myths and there are certainly many discrepancies. What Genesis describes as the abyss, the Sumerians described as the living ocean. The ocean was personified as a goddess named Tiamat from which all life came forth. Hence the first life on Earth came from the sea and the universe already existed before the beginning. Thus the original work is certainly more accurate in the first sentence. The passages to follow in both documents lose credibility considerably as they are both laden with improbable mythology. Enuma Elish describes the creation of life on Earth in six generations of gods recorded on six tablets, but the Biblical interpretation changed that to be one god who is supposed to have created the entire universe in only six days. The idea that evolution could be by divine design is thwarted by this one alteration of the original story. Certainly, God could have had little to do with Creation if he was unheard of until the time of Moses, yet this clear plagiarism of the earliest Mesopotamian creation has been taken literally verbatim despite it's many contradictions, improbabilities and flaws. It alone has somehow generated the entire controversy between the idea of a magical creation and the natural processes of evolution and physics. The exact date of creation has been speculated based on the combined biographies of each of the nigh immortal characters of the myth and steadfast believers dismiss every evidence of anything in existence previous to that date as invalid.
On the first day, according to Biblical account, the one god created night and day, but failed to create the sun, the moon, or the stars until the fourth day! This one paradox dismisses the validity of the myth on several points;
a) Sunlight is the ultimate nutrient required by every life form on Earth, yet God is supposed to have made green plants that use chloroplast to process nutrients from sunlight and cultivated them globally the day before there was any sunlight to process!
b) The stars are enormous, infinite, and inconceivably distant. Creationists perceive that the Biblical reference to the heavens implies that the entire ancient universe of hundreds of billions of stars per an equally innumerable collection of galaxies, were all created after the Earth! Meaning that the Earth was the first body to exist in the entire universe! Moses, the alleged author of Genesis, could have had no understanding of the astronomic scope of the universe whatsoever, nor the insignificant nature of the Earth on a universal scale. If he did, he would have kept to the original idea of creation as being limited to the emurgance of life from the ocean of a planet that already existed. The idea that planets larger than the Earth orbiting stars larger than the sun in galaxies zillions of light years from the Milky Way were created after the Earth had green plants is absurd in the extreme.
c) Obviously, there could be no night and day if there was no sun. Nor could there be days in the sense of measuring the passing of time. In fact, on the fourth day, God creates the sun specifically as a measurement of the passing of time, thus nullifying the notion of measurement of the previous evenings and mornings equating to the first three days. Somehow theologians continue to argue in support of this document despite these flaws, justifying discrepancies as interpretational, all except the most obvious misinterpretation, which is that the universe was not created in only six days.
On the sixth day, the Hebrew god created man and then rested on the seventh day.
The sixth generation of Sumerian gods created (the savage) man to complete their work so that future generations (beginning with the seventh) could rest. This is not a coincidental parrallel, this is plagiarism.
The first man in Enuma Elish was not named. The first woman in the Hebrew version was not named either, although it is popularly accepted that the first woman mentioned in the Talmud was Lilith. The Lilith legend varies as to the source, but the most distinct is that of the first attempt to create a mate for Adam. Adam was allowed to watch the construction of the first woman from flesh and was repulsed by the as yet skinless unfinished woman and requested another to be made from his rib. Other Lilith legends from the Hebrew mythos include one where Adam and Lilith are created simultaneously but fight for dominance. In this, the most popular version, Lilith speaks a magic word of evocation and flies away to party with Demons on the shores of the Red Sea. Once Adam and his new younger bride, Eve are expelled from the Garden of Eden, they too have a falling out and endure a period of separation. This legend varies wildly according to the source as well, but according to the Talmud, Adam wanders alone for 130 years and sires many demon spawn whie seperated from Eve. Lilith too is supposed to have spawned many demons during this time. There is apparently no mention as to what Eve was up to during this period. Following this stage Adam then endures some 130 years of shame and fasting and perhaps another 130 years of wearing fig leaves after returning to Eve.
The original cuneiform tablets do not describe the first woman at all, but Lilith is described by name as already having become a demoness and there is a parallel to the character that would become Eve. There is a character in the Sumerian mythology named Ninti whose name means the Woman of the Rib. She was one of eight children each born to heal a specific wound on one of the Gods in a story that also illustrates a parallel of the Garden of Eden and introduces another mythic tree and even associates that tree with Lilith and a serpent.
Here the Babylonian Garden of the goddess, Innana parallels the Garden of Eden. It is even located in the same geographic location as the Bible implies Eden to be in Genesis 2:10. There is also a tree in Innana's garden that parallels the Biblical Tree of Life in that it is inhabited by Lilith and a serpent (or dragon depending on the translation). Another association from this same myth is that Lilith was driven from the Garden of Innana by the sword of Gilgemesh. An obvious inspiration to the later tale of Adam and Eve's expulsion from Eden. Lilith was associated with the serpent of the Tree of Life until King James edited her out in the middle ages many thousands of years later. The current popular belief is that the serpent was Satan in Disguise, but Genesis doesn't actually say that. In fact, the only such Biblical reference is not in the first chapter or even in the Old Testament at all. It is only in the last chapter of the New Testament and is almost certainly an attempt to match an earlier myth to a latter one. As the New Testament was not included in the Modern Hebrew Torah, it may be impossible to tell if this association was a Revelations original or another editorial thousands of years after the original author died. It would appear to be another King James modification as Lilith was depicted as the serpent in the temptation of Eve until the late sixteenth century. Each of the angels mentioned in the Bible are male, yet the popular image of angels is that of the seraphim, beautiful winged women. Ironically, that image appears to have been inspired by Lilith as well. Renowned as the Queen of the Harpies, among other things, Lilith was depicted as having the wings and feet of a bird of prey. So too were the
Lilitu which were to be her spawn. Hence the 'angelic' image may in fact be demonic in origin. Some of the demons mentioned in the Bible and the Talmud are referred to as Lilim or Lilitu, meaning created by, or related to Lilith.